What exactly is angina (acute tonsillitis)?
Tonsillitis or inflammation of the tonsils is a viral or bacterial infection that leads to inflammation of the tonsils (Latin: tonsillae) and throat. Tonsillitis tonsils lose their ability to fight infection and can even become a source of infection on their own.
There are many potential viral and bacterial causes, but the most common source of tonsillitis is a dangerous bacterium called streptococcus pyogenes. 1
Symptoms of angina (acute tonsillitis)
Symptoms of tonsillitis are:
- Muscle pain.
- Sore throat.
- Swelling of the tonsils and the associated difficulty swallowing or even inability to swallow solid food
- Hoarse voice.
- Pain in the ears.
Some other symptoms may include nausea and vomiting, stuffy nose, enlarged and painful lymph nodes, and swollen nodes in the front of the neck. The throat and tonsils are usually reddish or white pus spots may even appear on the tonsils – visible as a white film or white spots. Fever sometimes does not appear at all or appears earlier than sore throat and difficulty swallowing.
Tonsillitis, especially if left untreated, can lead to complications. Large purulent inflammation of the tonsils can even lead to a risk of suffocation associated with the penetration of purulent inflammation deeper into the tissues of the throat under the tonsils, where the so-called tonsils is formed. abscess (purulent deposit). An abscess is a cavity filled with pus, and this complication is accompanied by severe pain and swelling usually on one side of the throat and area under the jaw. From here it can spread practically anywhere.
Causes of angina
Angina is an acute inflammation caused most often by viruses (90-95%, also infectious mononucleosis caused by Epstein-Barr virus) and by bacteria (Streptococcus pyogenes is responsible for most cases of streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis).
Acute pharyngitis or tonsillitis? How do we recognize it?
Streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis are characterized by a sudden onset - severe sore throat, temperature, brightly reddened and enlarged tonsils with purulent deposits, enlarged cervical lymph nodes. Most often sick children aged 5-15 years. On the other hand, with viral inflammation - a cold, there is a sore throat, a slight temperature or normal body temperature, cough, runny nose, reddened throat and tonsils. In mononucleosis, we can also observe generalized lymphadenopathy, abdominal pain and tonsil plaques.
How is acute tonsillitis treated?
- More time for rest and sleep.
- Optimal hydration through sufficient fluids.
- Warm liquids - broth, decaffeinated tea or warm water with honey can soothe a sore throat. You can also try gargling with salt water.
- Humidify the air through a device to remove dry air, which can further irritate the sore throat.
- Lozenges. Children over 4 years of age can suck lozenges to relieve sore throat.
If tonsillitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics. Penicillin, taken orally for 10 days, is the most common antibiotic treatment prescribed for tonsillitis caused by group A streptococci. In case of penicillin allergy, your doctor will prescribe an alternative antibiotic, with other options being Clindamycin and Cephalosporin.
If a child is ill, then it is important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if the symptoms disappear completely. Not taking the whole medication as prescribed may cause the infection to worsen or spread to other parts of the body.
Failure to complete a full course of antibiotics can, in particular, increase the risk of rheumatic fever and serious kidney inflammation. In this case, you may want to ask your pediatrician about probiotics to support the immune system, as well as other remedies such as vitamins and minerals.
Herbal remedies for angina (acute tonsillitis)
There are a number of home remedies that can effectively reduce the symptoms of acute tonsillitis.
Gargle with salt water in angina
Stir about 1/2 teaspoon of salt in about 150 ml. hot water. Stir until the salt dissolves. Gargle and rinse your mouth for a few seconds and then spit out. You can rinse with plain water.
Warm tea with raw honey for angina
Hot drinks such as tea can help reduce the discomfort that can occur as a result of tonsillitis. Raw honey, often added to tea, has strong antibacterial properties and can help treat tonsillitis-causing infections. [ref. 1]
Drink the tea warm instead of hot and mix the honey until dissolved. Some teas may enhance the benefits of this home remedy. Ginger tea, for example, is a strong anti-inflammatory, as is fennel tea, which can help reduce inflammation and discomfort.
Onions for angina
Add a few tablespoons of onion juice to one glass of warm water and gargle the mixture several times each day. Onions can cause bad breath, but at least it will relieve painful tonsils.
Apple cider vinegar for angina
Apple cider vinegar is a natural product with properties that can help in the treatment of infections. A small amount of apple cider vinegar daily supports the immune system. This remedy can even prevent the recurrence of tonsillitis, but to cure yourself, gargling is more effective.
Add half a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to a little warm water. Gargle with the resulting mixture and then spit out. Repeat the same procedure several times each day.
Ginger for angina
Ginger has a spicy aroma with a refreshing taste. At the same time, it also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that have been proven in numerous studies. 3
Mix a tablespoon of ginger root juice with a tablespoon of honey and a few tablespoons of warm water to make a gargle liquid. Gargle with the mixture several times a day to relieve tonsillitis.
Fenugreek seeds for angina
Tulsi (Holy Basil)
You can calm the sore throat with the help of tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum). Holy basil is used to treat sore throats, coughs and colds. Boiled water with tulsi leaves gives a calming effect to patients with sore throat. Also, tulsi acts as an adaptogen, a substance that helps counteract the effects of stress in the body. 4